Tests & Screenings: Bladder Cancer

The following tests are used to diagnose and evaluate cancer of the urinary system including ureters, bladder, and urethra:

  • Cystoscopy lets your doctor see inside your urethra and bladder by using a narrow tube with a lens and light. The procedure is safe and painless.

  • Biopsy lets your doctor sample cells for testing. The biopsy may be done during a cystoscopy.

  • Urine Cytology involves looking at a urine sample under a microscope to check for cancer cells.

  • Imaging Tests including X-rays, ultrasound, CAT scan, and MRI let your doctor view your urinary tract. Sometimes a dye is used as part of an X-ray or CAT scan procedure.