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Crohn’s disease is a form of IBD that affects the lining of the digestive tract.
Crohn’s disease most often affects the end of the small bowel and the beginning of the colon, but it can occur anywhere along the digestive tract.
Most people with IBD are diagnosed before the age of 35.
IBD tends to run in families.
Researchers believe that the environment may have a role in triggering IBD.
Cigarette smokers have a higher risk of Crohn’s disease than nonsmokers.
IBD complications include bowel obstruction, ulcers, and malnutrition.
Having Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis for eight years or more increases the chance of developing colorectal cancer.
- Blood tests
- Fecal occult blood test (providing a stool sample for testing)
- Flexible sigmoidoscopy
- Upper GI endoscopy
- Capsule endoscopy
- Double balloon endoscopy
- CT scan
- Small bowel imaging
Treatment for IBD may include diet and lifestyle changes, drug therapy and sometimes surgery. Treatment goals are to stop flare-ups (inflammation) and to achieve remission.