People may be affected by many different types of blood conditions and blood cancers. Blood disorders can be inherited, but they can also be caused by disease, the side effects of medication, or the lack of nutrients in your diet.
What is a blood disorder?
Your blood is living tissue made up of liquid and solids. The liquid part, called plasma, is made of water, salts and protein. Over half of your blood is plasma. The solid parts of your blood contains: red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
There are different types of blood disorders. They include:
- Anemia – when your blood, because of a low count of red blood cells, does not carry enough oxygen to the rest of your body;
- Platelet disorders – when clotting and bleeding problems affect how your blood clots;
- Malignant or cancerous disorders of the blood (white cells), such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.
How is a blood disorder treated?
Treatment depends on the type of blood disorder and the cause of the condition. Doctors who specialize in blood disorders are called hematologists and oncologists. They will work with you to diagnose the cause of your blood disorder and provide you with the best form of treatment.