Genitourinary Cancer

At MaineHealth, our teams of cancer specialists evaluate and treat patients with cancers affecting the urinary tract, bladder, kidneys, prostate, testicles and penis. We offer complete, safe and effective care for treating genitourinary cancer.

What is genitourinary cancer?

Genitourinary cancer also is called GU cancer. Genitourinary cancer affects organs in the male and female urinary tract and male reproductive system. One of the most common GU cancers in American men is prostate cancer.

Conditions can include:

  • Prostate cancer

  • Bladder cancer

  • Kidney (renal cell) cancer

  • Adrenal tumors

  • Testicular cancer

  • Penile cancer

  • Urethral cancer

Genitourinary cancer symptoms

Genitourinary cancer refers to a broad number of cancers, so symptoms may vary depending on cancer type. Common symptoms may include:

  • Blood in the urine

  • Urine that looks darker than normal

  • Back pain that doesn’t go away

  • Painful urination

  • Frequent urination

  • Abdominal (stomach) pain

  • Weight loss or fatigue

Screening for genitourinary cancer

There are several different tests that screen for genitourinary cancers affecting the urinary tract, bladder, kidneys, prostate, testicle and penis. They can include:

  • Blood tests

  • Urinalysis

  • Digital rectal exam (prostate exam)

  • MRI

  • CAT scan

  • Ultrasound

  • Biopsy

Genitourinary cancer treatment options

Patients at MaineHealth have access to the most advanced treatment options for genitourinary cancers. We partner with Boston’s Dana-Farber Cancer Institute to give patients access to clinical research trials and new cancer-fighting drugs.

Our complete array of genitourinary cancer treatments include:

  • Chemotherapy

  • Immunotherapy

  • Surgery, including laparoscopic and robotic surgery

  • Radiation therapy

Resource for cancer care

The Maine Medical Center’s Cancer Institute in Greater Portland is a nationally recognized cancer center. The cancer institute offers a Genitourinary Cancer Program that brings cancer specialists together to take a team approach to treating patients. The multidisciplinary team includes urologic surgeons, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists and a clinical patient navigator. Specialists work with primary care doctors in the community to coordinate care close to home.

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