Prostate Cancer Screening

Screening for prostate cancer

There are limits to the prostate cancer screening tests used today. They are not 100% accurate.

A positive result from a prostate cancer screening, known as a PSA test, may lead to more invasive tests or treatment that may not be necessary.

Talk to your family doctor, who will help you make an informed decision on whether prostate cancer screening is right for you. Screenings include:

  • Prostate specific antigen (PSA) test. The test checks a man’s blood for high PSA levels, a marker for prostate cancer. But high PSA levels also can indicate other conditions, including inflammation or infection of the prostate. Certain medicines, a patient’s medical history, and an enlarged prostate also can affect PSA levels.

  • Digital rectal exam (DRE). The DRE checks the prostate and other organs in the lower belly. It is done manually through the rectum to feel the prostate for lumps or other abnormalities.