At the MaineHealth Cancer Care Network, our teams of specialists offer complete care for uterine cancer, from evaluation and diagnosis to treatment and supportive care.
What is uterine cancer?
Uterine cancer is the most common cancer of the female reproductive system. Uterine cancer often starts in the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus. A woman’s uterus is the place where her baby grows during pregnancy. It is her womb.
The two main types of uterine cancer are:
- Adenocarcinoma: This is the most common form. Adenocarcinoma develops in the endometrium and is also called endometrial cancer.
- Sarcoma: This uterine cancer develops in the uterine muscle or in the uterine glands.
Uterine cancer risks
Any woman could develop uterine cancer, but there are some things that may make you more likely. Here are a few:
Being extremely overweight
Exposure to estrogen (women are exposed to increased estrogen if they start their periods at a young age, go through menopause at a late age, never get pregnant, or take estrogen containing hormonal medications)
Exposure to tamoxifen, which is a drug used to treat some types of breast cancer
Family history of uterine cancer
If you have had retinoblastoma (eye cancer), you are at a higher risk for uterine sarcoma