There are many ways to diagnose and screen for cancer. Some cancers can be diagnosed through imaging tests. Diagnosing other cancers may involve taking samples through biopsy. Browse the diagnostic screenings and tests below:
Barium enema is a procedure where a barium dye is inserted into the rectum and colon. The barium coats the lining of the rectum and colon. The barium shows abnormalities when looked at with X-ray technology.
Biopsy is a test that takes samples of tissue and studies them for cancer cells. Biopsies are the most common way of diagnosing cancer and provide a definite diagnosis.
Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy takes a small portion of the liquid and solid parts of the bone marrow. The marrow is looked at under a microscope to check the type and stage of cancer.
Bone scan shows damage to your bones and helps determines how cancer started and spread. This imaging test also helps to show how well treatment is working.
Fecal occult blood tests find any blood in the feces, which can be a sign of colorectal cancer. This blood test can call for further testing to continue the diagnosis.
Positron emissions tomography and computed tomography scan (PET-CT) is a combination of a PET scan and a CT scan. PET-CT machines do both scans at the same time. PET scans use a liquid that goes in the blood and often attaches to cancerous tissue. CT scans evaluate tissues and organs inside the body.
Tumor marker tests evaluate the biomarkers in blood, urine or bodily tissue. Tumor markers can be found in cancerous cells and healthy cells as well.
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