Vascular Surgery | Endovascular Surgery

Vascular and endovascular surgeries are treatments for conditions of the blood vessels and lymphatic system, also known as vascular diseases. Doctors and surgeons at MaineHealth offer the most advanced surgical treatments for vascular care, including bypass surgery and endovascular therapy.

  • Bypass surgery reroutes the blood supply around a blocked artery.

  • Endovascular surgeries are minimally invasive techniques to repair problems with the blood vessels. Endovascular surgeries are done inside the blood vessels.

What is vascular disease?

Vascular disease is any condition that affects the blood vessels (arteries and veins) that pump blood throughout the body.

Arteries carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to every part of the body, including the brain, kidneys, intestines, arms, legs and the heart itself. Veins return blood back to the heart. Blood vessels in other parts of the body can become clogged and hardened from atherosclerosis, the build-up of fatty plaque in the arteries. They can also weaken and burst.

Vascular and endovascular procedures

Surgeons use the most advanced, minimally invasive endovascular procedures. Procedures include diagnostic and interventional treatments for a broad range of vascular conditions.

  • Peripheral arterial disease affects blood circulation and reduces blood flow to the limbs, stomach and head. Blood vessels are narrowed from the buildup of plaque on arterial walls. Pain in the leg is the most common symptom.

  • Aortic aneurysm is swelling or bulging of the aortic artery wall that can burst and cause bleeding. The aorta is the main artery that runs from the heart and through the chest and abdomen.

  • Carotid artery disease is narrowing of arteries in the neck that supply blood to the brain, which can lead to stroke.

  • Deep vein thrombosis is inflammation and clotting in the veins, most commonly in the legs. DVT is serious because the blood clots can loosen travel to other parts of the body, leading to pulmonary embolism, heart attack or stroke.

  • Vein disease also is called chronic venous disease, or diseases and disorders of the veins. Problems can be varicose veins, spider veins, leg swelling and leg pain.

Non-surgical treatments for vascular disease

Many patients with vascular disease can improve with non-surgical treatments that include taking certain medication and making lifestyle changes.

Treatment depends on the symptoms and how much blockage there is in the blood vessels. Non-surgical options can include:

  • Quitting smoking

  • Losing weight

  • Having a healthy diet

  • Lowering blood pressure

  • Lowering cholesterol levels

  • Taking medication that help prevent blood clots, and reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke

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Cardiovascular Institute at Maine Medical Center

Tradition Of Excellence In Cardiac Care

The Cardiovascular Institute at Maine Medical Center offers the most advanced skill and care for heart patients. The heart program is the largest of its kind in northern New England.

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