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End stage kidney disease almost always follows chronic kidney disease. End stage kidney disease is known as Stage 5 chronic kidney disease.
Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of end stage kidney disease. But chronic kidney disease and end stage renal disease can be caused by a number of other things:
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Urinary tract blockage
- Kidney infection
Managing these conditions is the best way to avoid end stage renal disease. Consult your provider about what you can do to prevent kidney failure.
Blood and urine tests can determine how your kidneys are functioning. A patient is diagnosed with end stage renal disease if kidney function falls under 10 percent.
Creatinine levels in blood and urine determine if the kidneys are filtering blood.
Kidneys are not functioning well if there is too much creatinine built up in the blood and too little being excreted from the body in the urine.
It is critical to get treatment for end-stage kidney disease. People with end-stage kidney disease cannot live without treatment.
There are two ways to treat end stage renal disease: dialysis or kidney transplant.
- Dialysis is a procedure that filters a patient’s blood for them. This can be done by connecting an artificial kidney or filter to a patient’s arm, leg, or neck (hemodialysis).
- Another option for hemodialysis is a permanent tube in a patient’s belly. This will create access for a solution that goes into your abdominal cavity. This solution collects waste and is then taken out and disposed of.
- A kidney transplant replaces a nonfunctioning kidney with a new one. Donors, alive or deceased, can provide the kidney for the transplant if they qualify.