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Polycystic disease types
The providers at MaineHealth diagnose and treat the three forms of polycystic disease:
- Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)
- Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD)
- Acquired cystic kidney disease
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) also is known as adult PKD.
It is the most common form of polycystic kidney disease.
People who have one parent with polycystic kidney disease have a 50 percent chance of developing ADPKD.
Symptoms most often occur in adulthood, though sometimes it is diagnosed in childhood.
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is rare. It is passed down from both parents.
People with ARPKD inherit two genes, one from each parent.
ARPKD can be present at birth, or it develops in very young children. Children with autosomal recessive PKD may have symptoms that include:
- High blood pressure,
- Urinary tract infections,
- Need to urinate often.
Improved sonogram technology often allows doctors to diagnose ARPKD before birth, allowing for immediate care from specialists at birth.
Acquired cystic kidney disease develops in people who have other serious kidney problems.
Acquired cystic kidney disease is not inherited. It is a rare disorder.
When acquired cystic kidney disease does occur, it most often is diagnosed in people with kidney failure or on dialysis.