People can develop depression at any age.
Events and change in a person's life can trigger depression, or cause depression to deepen.
The cause of depression is thought to be a combination of genetic, biological, environmental and psychological factors.
Risk factors include:
- Anxiety disorder
- Drug and alcohol abuse
- Medication side effects
- Personal or family history of depression
- Previous medical conditions
- Trauma or abuse
A health-care provider will ask you about your feelings, moods and how you respond in certain situations.
Patients may have a specific depression disorder that is influenced by other factors, such as stress or the time of year.
Depression can be treated in a number of ways. Medication can help stabilize moods and control emotions. Other treatment options include:
- Counseling or talk therapy
- Electroconvulsive therapy
- Light therapy
- Alternative and complementary therapies
- Self-management and education
If you have questions about treatments, ask your health-care provider for more information.