HPV tests can detect the virus that can lead to genital warts, abnormal cervical cells or cervical cancer. HPV tests can be done from the same sample as a Pap smear.
What is HPV?
HPV is the human papillomavirus. HPV is a sexually transmitted disease carried by both men and women. There are more than 100 strains of HPV. Some types of these viruses can lead to genital cancer.
What is HPV testing?
HPV testing identifies whether you have one of the strains of HPV that can cause cervical cancer, by testing a sample from your cervix in the laboratory such as NorDx. It does not tell women if they have cervical cancer.
An HPV test can be done from the same sample as a Pap smear. You most likely will not feel the sample being taken, and it will not be painful. This sample will be sent to the laboratory to be tested for the human papillomavirus.
You will receive either a positive or negative result from this test. A positive result means that you have one of the cancer-causing strains of HPV. A negative result means that you do not have a cancer-causing strain of HPV.
There is a vaccine for cancer-causing strains of HPV. This would prevent you from contracting only the strains of HPV that cause cancer.
It is administered with three doses over an eight-month period.